Tag: Wireless

Key 802.11 Frames – CWAP#3

This post covers the important 802.11 Frames which can help in performing the analysis and troubleshoot any issues related to WLAN networks. I have referenced Wireshark filters for the ease of each frame. Beacon (1000, Subtype : 8) (wlan.fc.type_subtype ==…

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How did I Decipher 802.11 Frames! #CWAP-2

Main Objective: To successfully transfer every bit of information(data) from one device to another. 802.11 MAC HEADER Let us now go through the basics of the frame header and the components. I have captured a simple beacon (management) frame using…

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CWAP 403 – Start >

I will be summarising each chapter on the Certitrek Publishing – Official Study Guide for CWAP 403 Exam. I’ve learned plenty of concepts from the first chapter – 802.11 – The Protocol. This is one of the chapters which you…

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CWNA Certification Journey

I managed to get my CWNA certification today, this was my 2nd attempt. The first attempt was a failure a few months ago. Failed Attempt: 53% Passed Attempt: 82% Below are a few tips which I would like to share…

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QoS Overview

Wireless has somehow made it to the human needs pyramid and has become mission-critical for most of the business around the world. Proper RF and QoS design is the only way to ensure real-time apps have acceptable QoE (Quality of…

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CWNA – Chapter 2 Summary & Exam Essentials

CWNA Chapter 2 – IEEE 802.11 Standards and Amendments. “Defined” means the amendment either no longer exists or it was rolled into the existing (or prior versions) 802.11-2007 spec. “Defines” means it is a ratified amendment that will be rolled…

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CWNA – Chapter 1 Summary & Exam Essentials

Overview of Wireless Standards, Organisations and Fundamentals. 4 Key organisations involved with wireless networking industry – FCC and other regulatory domains (ITU-R (ACMA (Australia)) (ARIB(Japan)) – FCC regulates communication from/to/within US. Both licensed and unlicensed communications are typically regulated in…

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WiFi Metrics

I am going to pen down a few of the important wireless metrics. This is to access the environment for any concerns and issues raised around the wireless side of things. So what should we consider a good, acceptable, or…

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Wireless Optimization Tips!

 I have taken into account for a general hospital system where “patient tracking” application is used by doctors and nurses to capture/update patience information.  Patients/Visitors use wireless for their private use along with other hospital staff using wireless network for…

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CWNA – CCK,DSSS, FHSS & OFDM

CCK – Complementary Code KeyingDSSS – Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum OFDM – Orthogonal Frequency Divisional MultiplexingFHSS – Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum There are various versions of WLAN standard developed to address different data rate and coverage requirements. IEEE 802.11b supports…

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